Different type of pots and planters - Pros and Cons

  1. Plastic pots (light colored) – 

Pros –

  • They are cheap, unbreakable and heat and cool quickly so plant roots and microorganisms are not damaged as easily even when in a sunny location.
  • Generally have more drainage holes than terracotta, ceramic and concrete pots.
  • Easy to drill additional holes in base if needed.
  • Lightweight, so suitable for balconies and decks where weight is a consideration

Cons -

  • However, plastics are petroleum based products. They drain our natural resources so consider the environmental impact


  1. Terracotta, ceramic and concrete pots that usually only have one hole in the base –

Pros –

  • These materials generally offer more visually appealing options in terms of color and design.
  • Concrete pots are a good insulator so suits climates with severe changes in weather because it helps buffer plants and soil from extremes in temperature
  • Clay has been used for thousands of years and is generally considered to be a sustainable resource.

Cons -

  • Provide inadequate drainage for most species of plants.
  • You have to drill additional holes in the base without breaking the pot
  • Prone to cracking when soil freezes and expands in cold-weather zones


  1. Self Watering Pots

Pros –

  • More suitable for hanging basket situations that receive ventilation and are likely to dry out quickly
  • Are usually lightweight so may be useful where pot weight is a consideration
  • Handy for people who are busy, away a lot or forgetful gardeners
  • Can be more expensive for the initial outlay but benefits may outweigh this cost.

Cons –

  • Again, these containers are most often made of plastic so consider the environmental impact of this choice


  1. Hanging & wall mounted baskets

Pros –

  • Generally inexpensive to buy, the framework is usually made from plastic-coated wire which makes them light and rustproof
  • Available in a wide variety of materials including coconut fibre, synthetic, wrought iron, coated wire and metal that come with natural liners often made out of coir (coconut fibre) or sphagnum moss
  • After watering, water may drip out the bottom onto another surface so need to be located above other plants to maximise watering or positioned over a surface that does not matter if it gets wet


  1. Wooden window and planter boxes and container


Pros –

Are very functional when combined with other garden features like bench seats, trellises and storage

They are very attractive, provide good heat insulation for the soil and can be easy and cheap to make to the exact size you need

Cons –

  • Untreated wooden planters will lose their visual appeal and eventually rot in time


  1. Metal Containers

Pros –

  • Are usually attractive and very decorative.
  • Are durable – won’t chip, crack or break.
  • Often used as ‘cache pots’— decorative containers which hold a plant in a plastic or less attractive pot inside – also prevents the heat from directly affecting the plant roots

Cons –

  • Metal is non-porous so drainage is a major consideration.  Make sure you are able to drill adequate holes in the container.











7 Indoor Plants That Purify the Air Around You Naturally

Bringing potted plants into a living space to liven it up is a trick that's been used by interior designers for years, but did you know that our leafy friends are also powerful filters that purify the air around us? In fact, several studies have been conducted showing that certain plants can rid a room of up to 89% of harmful VOCs like formaldehyde and xylene. If you think about the prices of some of those fancy air filtration systems out there, it's a bit surprising that more of us don't just purchase some plants instead. If you or anyone in your family has allergies, smokes or just wants to breathe fresher, cleaner air in their homes, read on for 7 indoor plants that purify the air around you as well as which specific pollutant each one targets and removes.


Dendrobium and Phaeleonopsis Orchids



Orchids have a bad reputation as being finicky and difficult to grow, but really, the opposite is true. On our recent trip to Costa Farms, we learned that orchids actually love to be neglected and most people end up killing their orchids with kindness (too much water and sunlight). Aside from being easy to take care of, orchids rid the air of xylene, a pollutant found in many glues and paints so they make wonderful housewarming gifts for anyone who recently moved into or renovated a new space. Unlike some other plants, orchids also respire and give off oxygen at night – so they’re great for the bedroom.



The palm family of plants, also known as Arecaceae or Palmae, is extremely popular and it’s easy to see why. These hardy houseplants are easy to grow and are a way to lift people’s spirits and distract from otherwise drab surroundings, and are also known to be natural air purifiers. Palms specifically target and remove formaldehyde, benzene and carbon monoxide (which is especially helpful if someone in your household smokes cigarettes).


Peace Lilies


The peace lily, a.k.a. spathiphyllum is an ideal plant to have in your home if you love flowers but don’t want to buy bouquets that die after a few days. Spathiphyllum thrives in the shade in temperatures below 55 degrees and removes harmful toxins like acetone, ammonia, benzene, ethyl acetate, formaldehyde, methyl alcohol, trichloroethylene and xylene.



Ferns have a reputation for being a bit mundane but most people don’t realize that they’re actually fascinating plants that have survived since Prehistoric times! They’re favored for their soft, feathery leaves and it’s those same large fronds that help rid the air of pollutants like toulene and xylene, which are found in many paints, nail polishes and glues.


Schefflera are easily recognizable because they have glossy, sturdy-looking oval leaves that almost look unreal because of their waxy shine. They’re really hardy and long-lasting so they make great investment plants as long as you keep the leaves dust-free and wipe them down once in a while. In addition to looking great, they’re also known to soak up nasty toxins like benzene, formaldehyde and toluene so, like palms, they’re good for households where there’s a smoker.



 Anthuriums make lovely gifts because of their exotic-looking blooms, but they ain’t just a pretty face! Their large, dark leaves suck up ammonia, formaldehyde, toluene and xylene, so they’re a thoughtful present for a workplace (especially around copiers, printers or adhesives).


Song of India (a.k.a. Dracaena reflexa)

As versatile as its name is poetic, dracaena reflexa or ‘Song of India’ is easy to identify because of its telltale green, lime and yellow leaves. These plants are easy to grow in both high and low light and absorb undesirables like formaldehyde, toluene, xylene.



Pothos is characterized by its golden heart-shaped leaves and is extremely popular in North America. It’s a hardy plant that can survive in lower light and colder temps and is great for offices and homes since it rids the air of carbon monoxide and formaldehyde.

Massangeana Cane

The Massangeana plant may be hard to pronounce but it’s easy to love. Native to Africa, it has a wild look that makes it ideal for decorating your home and it also sucks formaldehyde from the air.



Philodendrons are easy to care for houseplants that need very little attention. Their unique coloring makes them an attractive addition to your home and they’re known to ride the air of xylene, a toxin that’s found in many glues and leathers.


Innovative planters solutions

1. Recycled Tyre Planters - If one has leftover rims, they could be used as a base and could be painted in the preferable color to suit their requirements.

2. Rain Boot Planters

3. Curtain Planters

4. Mason Jar Planters

5. Recycled Paint Can Planters

6. Tea cup succulent garden

Pruning Techniques

What to Prune

As a rule-of-thumb, no more than 25% of the crown should be removed at a time. Furthermore, the ratio of tree crown height to total tree height should be two-thirds (Fig. 1). To achieve the desired form while following the rules-of-thumb, there are seven branching defects for tree pruning to correct (Fig. 2):

  1. Epicormic
  2. Vertical
  3. Crossing
  4. Co-dominant
  5. Downward-growing
  6. Poorly-attached
  7. Dead or broken


Figure 2. The green branches represent the seven types of branches that require pruning.


When to Prune

When the tree is at a young age, as early as two years following planting, pruning should begin. Pruning can continue on an annual basis until the tree has been in the ground for approximately ten years, after which pruning should occur on a five- to seven-year cycle. Though this schedule seems intensive, pruning need only occur if problem branches exist.

The optimal time of year to prune deciduous trees is during their dormant period, which in Delhi is typically September to mid november (see Fig. 3). Pruning should never be carried out during spring or early summer when buds and leaves are still growing.


How to Prune  

Before the proper pruning technique is described, it is crucial to understand basic branch anatomy (Fig. 4). It is important to cut in the correct location when removing a branch, otherwise unnecessary damage results. The following step-by-step approach will help to determine the appropriate location for cutting. 1.Locate the branch that is to be removed.  2.Find its point of attachment (branch collar) to the next largest branch. 3.At the point of attachment, on the upper portion of the branch, locate the branch bark ridge.  4.The cut will occur as close to, but with special care to remain outside the branch bark ridge and branch collar.  

By cutting at this position, two common mistakes are avoided: the stub cut and the flush cut (see Fig. 5), both of which require more time to heal, thus predisposing the tree to insect and pathogen infection.

Figure 5. Two common pruning mistakes. At left, the flush cut removes the branch collar and branch bark ridge. At right, the stub cut does not remove enough of the branch to be pruned.

One of two techniques is used depending on the size of the branch to be removed. A pair of sharp, clean pruning or lopping shears is effective for small branches (< 5cm) which can easily be supported with one hand. A pruning saw may be required for larger branches (> 5cm). In the latter case, the three-step pruning cut should be employed to avoid bark ripping (Fig. 6).


  1. Use the pruning saw to make a cut one-third of the way through the underside of the branch at least 30cm from the location of the final cut (as determined using the technique above).
  2. Outside the first cut, saw downwards all the way through the branch to be removed. Following this cut, a short stub of approximately 30cm will remain.
  3. The final cut will be made at a location just outside the branch collar and branch bark ridge.


What Tools Will Be Necessary?

First and foremost, safety is emphasized; pruning can be dangerous and can even result in death. For this reason, the most important pruning tools are a hard hat, protective eye wear and leather gloves. In addition, pruning tools include: hand shears, lopping shears, pruning saw(s), a pole pruner (with shear or saw head attachment), chain saws, and pruning paint. There are different models of all these tools, so personal preference will come into play.

Gardening tools which everybody should own

Though there are various gardening tools available in the market but there are few of them which are sufficient to do most of the gardening jobs.Here is a list of these:-

1. Fork and Spades - Spades and garden forks are essential tools in the garden. Digging a bed is much easier with a good quality spade. For most, a 72cm handle will suffice, but go for a long-handled spade if you are tall. The best blades are made from stainless steel. Try them for weight and comfort in the shop before you buy. With prolonged use, those with D-handles can be uncomfortable, while a T-handle is much better if you have larger hands.

2. Cutting Tools

Secateurs are used for pruning, cutting wood up to 1cm (1/2in) thick. They can also be used to take cuttings for propagation and are more controllable and easier to use than a standard knife. Go for bypass secateurs (rather than anvil), where two blades pass each other, as they make a smooth cut and last a long time. A good pair of secateurs will have replaceable parts and, as a rule of thumb, you get what you pay for.

3. Hoes

These are great for controlling weeds. A Dutch hoe will slice through the tops of weeds, while a draw hoe will drag the weed from the ground - the corner of the tool can also be used for making shallow trenches for sowing vegetable seeds. The best are forged and have stainless steel heads.

4. Rakes

A steel-headed garden rake with solid teeth, mounted on a wooden or metal handle is useful for preparing seed beds, levelling soil or removing debris. If you have a lawn, also invest in a lawn rake, this has flexible teeth and is used for removing leaves, moss or grass clippings. As a general rule, the more teeth on the rake, the faster an area is covered.

5. Shears

They are used for trimming long grass and small hedges and for cutting back herbaceous perennials. Before buying we must ensure that they light enough for use.

6. Hand Trowel

These are indispensible for weeding, planting young plants and bulbs and small digging jobs.

Shears are used for trimming long grass and small hedges, and for cutting back herbaceous perennials. Before buying, be sure they are light enough for you to use. - See more at: http://www.hgtvgardens.com/photos/gardens-photos/basic-garden-tools-everyone-should-own?s=2#sthash.zf8FWL5o.dpuf


Shears are used for trimming long grass and small hedges, and for cutting back herbaceous perennials. Before buying, be sure they are light enough for you to use.

- See more at: http://www.hgtvgardens.com/photos/gardens-photos/basic-garden-tools-everyone-should-own?s=2#sthash.zf8FWL5o.dpuf


Shears are used for trimming long grass and small hedges, and for cutting back herbaceous perennials. Before buying, be sure they are light enough for you to use.

- See more at: http://www.hgtvgardens.com/photos/gardens-photos/basic-garden-tools-everyone-should-own?s=2#sthash.zf8FWL5o.dpuf
Forks and Spades
Forks and Spades
Thoguhhttp://www.hgtvgardens.com/photos/gardens-photos/basic-garden-tools-everyone-should-ownjfjkdkfjdgjdkgjklfPruners are essential for many pruning jobs; choose a pair with a safety catch and crossover blades. Try before you buy to make sure they feel right. - See more at: http://www.hgtvgardens.com/photos/gardens-photos/basic-garden-tools-everyone-should-own#sthash.yG3VZJf3.dpuf
Pruners are essential for many pruning jobs; choose a pair with a safety catch and crossover blades. Try before you buy to make sure they feel right. - See more at: http://www.hgtvgardens.com/photos/gardens-photos/basic-garden-tools-everyone-should-own#sthash.yG3VZJf3.dpuf

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